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Proving the Crescent by Sighting

All Praise be to Almighty Allah.
Blessing and peace be on His Prophet Muhammad
after whom there is no prophet, and on all those
who followed his way of guidance.

The Islamic Fiqh Council during its 4th session held at the general secretariat of the Muslim World League in Makkah Mukarramah between 7-17 Rabi Al-Aakhir 1401H discussed the letter of the Islamic Call Society in Singapore dated 16 Shawwal 1399H / 8 August 1979 and addressed to the Saudi charge d’affaires there and which stated that there was a difference of opinion between the Islamic Call Society and the Islamic Council in Singapore about the beginning and end of Ramadhan 1399H /1979, whereas the Society viewed that beginning and end of Ramadhan are based on the sighting of crescent according to the general evidences that exist in the Islamic Shari’ah, while the Islamic Council in Singapore was of the opinion that the beginning and end of Ramadhan should be based on the astronomical calculation, arguing that in countries of the Asian region in general and Singapore in particular, the sky is mostly covered with clouds and it is difficult to sight the crescent so it should be considered an inevitable excuse that necessitates the astronomical calculation.

The Islamic Fiqh Council after having a detailed study of this issue in the light of textual provisions in the Islamic Shari’ah, decided to support the Islamic Call Society in its view, because the Shari’ah evidences in this regard are very clear.

The Council also decided that in a situation where the sighting of crescent is prevented due to the clouded sky such as Singapore and other similar regions of Asia, the Muslims should follow those Muslim countries which depend on the sighting of crescent without depending on the astronomical calculations in any way, as Allah’s Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) has been reported as saying: “Observe the fasting on sighting the crescent and break the fasting on sighting the crescent. If it is cloudy and the sighting of crescent is prevented from you, then complete the count of 30. In another Hadith, he is reported as saying: “Do not fast unless you sight the crescent or complete the count of the month and do not break the fast unless you sight the crescent or complete the count of the month.” There are more Hadiths, which have the same meaning.

Chairman, Islamic Fiqh Council
Abdullah Ibn Muhammad Ibn Humaid
President, Supreme Judicial Council
Saudi Arabia

Deputy Chairman, Islamic Fiqh Council
Muhammad Ali Al-Harakan
Secretary-General, Muslim World League

Members:
Abdul Aziz Ibn Abdullah Ibn Baz
General President, Research, Ifta, Da’wah and Guidance

Saleh Ibn Othaimeen
Muhammad Mahmood Al-Sawwaf
Mustafa Al-Zarqa
Muhammad Shadhli Al-Neifer
Mabrook Al-Awaadi
Muhammad Abdullah Al-Subaiel
Abul Hassan Ali Al-Nadwi
Muhammad Rasheedi
Abdul Quddoos Hashemi
Muhammad Rasheed Qabbani
Hasanain Muhammad Makhloof
Abu Bakr Joomi
Muhammad Salem Abdul Wadood
Mahmood Sheith Khattab

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