العربية Français English
Final Communiqué of the Conference on Muslim World: Issues and Solutions
Convened by Muslim World League in Makkah Mukarramah from 22-24 Sha"ban 1432AH (23-25 July 2011)
In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful
Praise be to Allah.
Blessing and peace be upon the Seal of Prophets and Messengers,
our Prophet Muhammad and his family and companions.
In Makkah Mukarramah, the centre of Islam, and in the vicinity of the Grand Mosque, the Muslim World League (MWL) held the Conference of "the Muslim World: Problems and Solutions" under the patronage of Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques, King Abdullah Ibn Abdul Aziz Al-Saud. The Conference which was held during the period of 22-24 Sha"ban 1432AH corresponding to 23-25 July 2011CE, was attended by a number of distinguished Muslim scholars, intellectuals and officials of the Islamic organizations and centers in various parts of the world.
The Conference examined the following issues:
1. Present situation and its problems that include: the problem of ignorance about the reality of Islam, disunity, the enemy"s exploitation of sectarianism, economic and social conditions, and the influence of alien tendencies on Muslim societies.
2. Rights and duties that include the rights and duties of leaders and people, and significance of integrating the official and popular efforts in facing the challenges,
3. Dialogue in the Muslim societies, including the concept of dialogue and its impact on addressing problems and unifying the Ummah.
4. Solutions which include the presentation of the Islamic model for reforming the society, and the Islamic method of preventing the intrigues as well as the necessity of integrating the efforts of Islamic scholars and religious, educational, cultural and media institutions in the comprehensive reform.
In the inaugural session, the speech of Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques King Abdullah Ibn Abdul Aziz Al-Saud was delivered on his behalf by HRH Prince Khalid Al-Faisal Ibn Abdul Aziz Al-Saud, Governor of the Makkah Region who welcomed the Conference participants and reminded them of the great responsibility that Islamic scholars have to undertake for carrying out reforms and seeking solutions to the problems of Muslim Ummah through Islamic Shari"ah and its comprehensive methodology. He called for concerted efforts to protect the Muslim societies against any deviation from the middle path of Islam and being influenced by the global changes.
Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques emphasized the significance of cooperation between the Muslim World League and the scholars and intellectuals in developing an Islamic program of action that safeguards the security and unity of Muslim Ummah and protects its youth from the pitfalls of excess and negligence and keeps them away from sectarianism, disunity and dispute.
As the speech of Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques contained the wise directions and views, the Conference decided to consider it one of its important documents.
In his speech to the Conference, the Grand Mufti of Saudi Arabia and Chairman of the MWL Constituent Council, Sheikh Abdul Aziz Ibn Abdullah Al-Sheikh reminded the participants, of the causes behind the weakness of Muslim Ummah which represents its distance from the religion as well as its failure to apply the Islamic Shari"ah in its various affairs, which led to the violation of rights" bloodshed, lack of security and incitement of intrigue among Muslims.
The MWL Secretary-General Dr. Abdullah Ibn Abdul Mohsin Al-Turki emphasized in his address that the MWL appreciates the difficult test that some countries of the Muslim world are exposed to, and thus it felt obliged to invite this distinct group of scholars and intellectuals to discuss the causes that created a gap between the rulers of Muslim countries and their people as well as the reasons that caused weakness in the public order, neglect in combating the corruption and disregard of people" dignity and rights. He called upon those concerned to benefit from the model of Saudi Arabia as it follows the divine guidance and applies the Islamic Shari"ah that ensured its security, stability and full harmony between the government and people.
The Governor of Sudan"s Northern State, Fathi Khaleel Mohammad spoke on behalf of the conference participants and extended thanks to Saudi Arabia for its constant effort in addressing the problems of Muslims as well as in trying to find out effective solutions for the current challenges. He underlined that the Conference is being held in Makkah Mukarramah to express the participants" feeling about their religious responsibilities and their realization of the dangers that surround the Muslim world.
The participants also expressed their honour to meet Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques as well as their happiness to listen to his sincere words that showed his deep concern for the problems of Muslims and their painful conditions. They praised his instruction to hold the Conference annually to address the emerging challenges in the Muslim world.
The participants commended the Muslim World League for holding this conference to discuss the happenings and problems that have emerged in some of the Muslim countries. They recalled the appeal made by the Islamic Fiqh Council of the Muslim World League in Rabiul-Akhir 1399AH to reform the conditions of Muslims and hold up firmly to what brings dignity and happiness, the topmost of which is the application of Islamic Shari"ah.
They confirmed that happenings which are taking place in some of the Muslim countries are the result of keeping away from the straight path of Allah and because of negligence in establishing justice, benevolence and performance of duties, protection of freedom, preservation of rights and respect of human dignity as ordained by Almighty Allah.
They also confirmed that these incidents though their circumstances vary from one country to another, reflect a real crisis in perceptions and failure in taking care of public interests and a gap between the government and people, exposing the Ummah to more intrigues, conflicts and disasters, and this can be prevented only by beginning of reform, establishment of justice, removal of tyranny and despotism, and through achieving the objectives of Islamic Shari"ah, under a comprehensive reform project which complies with the Islamic Shari"ah and capitalizes the moral, material and human potentials of the Muslim Ummah.
The participants warned against the vague concepts of certain declared slogans which are far way from the Muslims" concepts and values, as these would lead to separation of state from religion and create a gap between them. This may result in consequences which would further increase the wounds and their pains as they are against the aspirations of Muslims to return to the fold of Islamic Shari"ah.
They emphasized that it is important for Islamic scholars to assume their prominent status in the Ummah and perform their duties in tackling the present crises by expounding the Islamic viewpoint on emerging issues and giving advice, direction and caution against things that are contrary to the Islamic Shari"ah like intrigue, division of the Muslim ranks, disunity and intervention of enemies who try to destroy the national unity in every society by inciting disorder and dispute.
The Conference expressed its concern over the human situation in Somalia after the escalation of drought wave in the Horn of Africa, and called upon the world countries and humanitarian organizations to provide food and medicine to the millions who are threatened by the ghost of hunger and disease.
The Conference denounced the threat of Judaization exposed to Al-Aqsa Mosque and other Islamic sanctuaries with the aim of obliterating the Arab and Islamic identity in Palestine, and it called the Muslim countries to pay more attention to Palestine, help the Palestinians defend their country and recognize their right in establishing their independent state, with the city of Al-Quds as its capital.
At the end of its sessions, the Conference issued the following recommendations:.
Firstly: Significance of Awareness about Islamic Shari"ah
The Conference urged the scholars and intellectuals of the Muslim Ummah as well as the official and popular Islamic organizations to cooperate in intensification of Da"wah and education programs aimed at enlightening the Muslim societies, especially the youth, on the objectives of Islamic Shari"ah, and the significance of its application in different walks of life and its utilization in solving the problems and confronting the challenges faced by Muslims.
The Conference affirmed the significance of the following:
1. Present Islam and its realities to young generations and provide them with means that help them understand its objectives and principles.
2. Support institutions which present Islam, urge them to present it in a manner that contributes to solving the problems of the day and its emerging issues, coordinate among them in developing the plans that address the inadequacy in the understanding of Islam and refute the allegations leveled against it.
3. Apply the rulings of Islamic Shari"ah at the level of governments and peoples, adhere to the middle path of Islam and caution against negligence and extremism with a view to achieving what Allah has described for the Muslim Ummah: "Thus We have made you a just (the best) nation that you be witness over mankind and the Messenger (Muhammad) be witness over you." (Qur"an 2:143)
This requires the following:
- To enlighten the Muslims on the necessity of resorting to the Islamic Shari"ah that guarantees the happiness in this world and in the hereafter, as Allah says: "But no, by your Lord, they can have no faith, until they make you (O Mohammad) judge in all disputes between them, and find in themselves no resistance against your decision, and accept (them) with full submission." (Qur"an 4:65)
- To confront the intellectual extremism and ideological deviation with constructive dialogue that consolidates the status of Muslim Ummah and reminds of its middle path.
- To seek judgment in accordance with the Islamic Shari"ah and adhere to it, establish justice, take care of citizens and be keen to safeguard their rights and ensure their interests.
4. Warning against disunity and its causes such as hateful factional and sectarian calls that divide the Muslim ranks and weaken the national unity.
5. Full cooperation among leaders and scholars of the Muslim Ummah in addressing the problems with Islamic views and solutions.
6. Taking care of the Muslim societies" security and stability, and cooperation in enhancing the concepts of comprehensive security, and confirming the inviolability of life, honor and property according to the guidance of Islamic Shari"ah that guaranteed the security through establishment of justice, confrontation of injustice and fight against corruption.
Secondly: Prevention of Intrigues
The Conference reviewed the complication of events in some Muslim countries, which resulted in bloodshed, exodus of population outside their countries, lack of security, destruction of properties. It emphasized the importance of cooperation among official and popular sections of the society for prevention of bloodshed, and reminded of prohibition of the human bloodshed, and the necessity of safeguarding the rights.
The Conference called upon the Muslim countries, the Arab League, the Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) and international institutions to carry out their duty to prevent these intrigues which are associated with killing, torture and expulsion.
It appealed to the leaders and people of the Muslim countries to respect the objectives of Islamic Shari"ah in safeguarding religion, life and property and to abide by the human rights approved by Islamic Shari"ah
It called upon the relief and charity organizations to render every possible aid and assistance to all those who are affected and displaced.
The Conference stressed the need that Islamic scholars shoulder their responsibilities towards their countries and people, especially at the times of ordeals, as Allah has endowed them with knowledge and know-how to prevent intrigue and keep up security and enlighten the Muslims on the rights and duties stipulated by the Islamic Shari"ah.
The Conference affirmed the following:
1. Inviolability of life as declared by the Prophet of mercy, Muhammad (peace be upon him) at his farewell pilgrimage speech: "Your blood and property are inviolable for you as on this day, in this month and in this country." And also that killing a human being is like spreading mischief in the land, as Allah says: "If any one killed a person not in retaliation of murder, or (and) to spread mischief in the land, it would be as if he killed all mankind." (Qur"an 5:32)
2. Importance of Islamic principles and values for Islamic Rule such as Shoura (consultation), preaching the virtue and preventing the vice, justice and mutual counseling.
3. Dealing with prevalent terminologies and slogans like (democracy, liberty, people"s rule, circulation of power, equality, civil state and citizenship) in accordance with the rules and regulations of Islamic Shari"ah and in avoiding the pitfalls of ambiguity, illusion and generality which may scatter the aspiration of Muslim Ummah for a rule that is based on safeguarding the religion and governing this life in accordance with the rulings of Islamic Shari"ah.
4. Warning against intrigues, combating those who instigate such intrigues, condemning the incitement of such intrigues among the citizens of one country through sectarian slogans aimed at undermining the Islamic brotherhood, as Allah says: "Verily Muslims are but brethren." (Qur"an 49:10)
The Conference emphasized that reform which is based on the Islamic Shari"ah is indeed a divine process, and Allah"s Prophets have made such a reform the title of their mission. This is a true Islamic methodology, to which the Muslim Ummah looks forward to solve its problems, as Allah says: "I only desire reform to the best of my power, and my guidance cannot come except from Allah, in Him I trust and unto Him I turn." (Qur"an 11:88)
The Conference called for the following:
1. Strengthen the cooperation of Islamic scholars with Muslim rulers for reforming the systems of Muslim countries and creating the appropriate mechanism that facilitates the transformation from man-made systems that contradict the religion of Islam to the Islamic systems that guarantee reform and welfare, as Allah says: "And so judge (you O Muhammad) among them by what Allah has revealed and follow not their vain desires, but beware of them lest they turn you far away from some that which Allah has sent down to you. And if they turn away, then know that Allah"s will is to punish them for some sins of theirs, and truly, most of men are disobedient to Allah." (Qur"an 5:49)
2. Draw inspirations from the great Islamic models and make use of their governing experiments, considering the era of the Guided Caliphate as an Islamic model of the state that creates a balance between rights and duties, and prepares a base for fair citizenship whereas all can enjoy its benefits.
3. To ask the governments of Muslim countries to achieve the independence of judiciary and provide guarantees for just trials in accordance with the Islamic Shari"ah.
4. To give attention to tackle the problem of poverty which is prevalent in a number of Muslims countries, as it has negative effects on the social fabric of these countries as well as try to apply the economic systems derived from the Islamic Shari"ah, and adopt the appropriate means for achieving the comprehensive development, and cooperate in this regard especially in the following fields:
• Create inclusive economic entities that accommodate the potentials of Muslims and employ their human, financial and creative capabilities.
• Support the institutions that achieve social security and overcome the obstacles that affect their work in solving the problem of unemployment among youth and create practical projects that invest their energies in different areas of development.
• Pay attention to the obligatory Zakah and distribute it among the needy and destitute who deserve it.
• Address the issue of unemployment, support the training institutions and projects that provide work opportunities to the job-seekers.
• Realize the principle of social justice that guarantees the equal opportunities for all members of any single society and fight against the corruption and illegitimate earning means.
• Create the Islamic common market as per resolutions issued in this regard.
The Conference called upon the Muslim World League (MWL) to prepare a working Islamic charter that deals with the internal and external challenges facing the Muslim Ummah, and that gives priority to the following:
A. Facing the contemporary challenges through collective and regular Ijtehad that takes into consideration, the objectives of Islamic Shari"ah and other consequences.
B. Giving attention to the issues of Muslim minorities and cultural interaction with different peoples in accordance with the rules and regulations of Islamic Shari"ah.
C. Integrating the official and popular efforts of the Muslim Ummah as well as enhancing its cooperation and coordination in various fields, especially Da"wah, presentation of Islam, media, dialogue, charity and relief works.
This charter is to be based upon a number of principles, the most significant of them are in the following:
- Unity of the Muslim Ummah and unity of its guiding sources, namely the Holy Qur"an and Sunnah, as understood by the people of early Islamic centuries.
- Message of Islam is complete, universal, comprehensive and moderate and it is a mercy for all the worlds.
- Following the example of Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) and his companions in Da"wah and presentation of Islam with wisdom and good exhortation as well as argument in good manners and adoption of things gradually and according to priorities.
The Conference called upon the Muslim World League to form a distinct working group of experts and specialists who have practical experiences in the affairs of Muslim countries and minorities in order to study this charter and agree on it, then present it to various official and popular Islamic organizations so as to give their opinion on it.
Then, the MWL should convene an international conference to ratify this charter and circulate it among various official and popular Islamic institutions, and later, the MWL should establish a research and follow-up center in order to take care of this charter, follow its implementation and explore the ways and means that help in such implementation.
Fourthly: Relationship between Ruler and Subject
The Conference reviewed the emerging situations in the Muslim world and gap in relations between rulers and subjects in some of the Muslim countries. It stressed the significance of the following:
• Resort to Islam for judgment of disputes and apply the Islamic Shari"ah, as it is an obligatory duty of the rulers and the subjects in the Muslim Ummah.
• Comply with the guidance of Islamic Shari"ah in the social and economic life of Muslim societies, grant the people their rights and keep away from injustice.
• Enhance the relationship between people and their rulers according to the Islamic principles that regulate this relationship.
• Respect the right of Muslim ruler who applies the Islamic Shari"ah on his subjects to have their obedience at all times, as well as his right to have their sympathy, support and supplication, beside prohibition of rebellion against him.
• Governance is a great responsibility, and the authority of a ruler in Islam is derived from the Qur"an and Sunnah. This is not an absolute authority and it is obligatory for the rulers and their subjects in the Muslim Ummah to abide by the provisions of the Qur"an and Sunnah as well as the mutual consultation, sympathy, acceptance of truth, and recalling each other on the requirements of a fair Islamic rule that was practiced by the righteous people of early Islam, as Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) says: "The religion (of Islam) is meant for faithfulness. We (the Prophet"s companions) asked: To whom?, "O Messenger of Allah." He said:" To Allah; to His Prophet; to His Book; to the leaders of Muslims and to the Muslims in general."
• Pay attention to Da"wah and work of preaching the virtue and preventing the vice through available and lawful means, correct the mistakes of Muslim societies that are considered to be the main reason behind their weakness and dominance of the enemy over them.
The Conference commended the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, which was founded on a basis from the Qur"an and Sunnah, and which derived its laws mainly from them. It highlighted the Saudi efforts to unite the Muslims and apply the Islamic Shari"ah that provided stability, welfare and growing economy, and strengthened the relationship between the people and their leadership.
Fifthly: Islamic organizations
The Conference reviewed the efforts of Muslim organizations and praised their efforts to enable the Muslim Ummah recover its prominent position and safeguard its interests.
The Conference commended the care of the Muslim World League for the Islamic organizations and for holding an international conference for them since three decades, as well as for establishing the Higher Commission for Coordination among Islamic Organizations that works for communication and cooperation among Islamic centers and organizations all over the world through a practical coordination plan.
The Conference underlined the following:
1. Cooperation and coordination between the governmental and non-governmental Islamic organizations and institutions so that they can build the bridges of contact between the Muslim communities, and contribute to the stability and security of Muslim societies.
2. Support of the charity and relief institutions by the Muslim governments and peoples so that they can achieve their objectives to outreach the Muslim peoples and minorities.
3. Cooperation of the Muslim organizations with Islamic scholars in defining the methodology adopted by the predecessors of Muslim Ummah in tackling disagreement among Muslims, saving them from the pitfalls of disunity and finding out means and ways that unified the Muslims on common objectives.
4. Dissemination of Islamic moderation among Muslims and enlightening of non-Muslims on Islam’s care for justice, equality, security and peace.
5. Training of leadership for those who take care of the Islamic work, charity and relief activities to support the Islamic organizations, societies and centers, especially in Muslim minority communities.
6. Cooperation among the government and non-government agencies for achievement of common Islamic work through workshops to be organized and supervised by the Muslim World League. The workshops are meant for the following:
A) Coordinate plans and programs.
B) Implement common programs on presenting Islam and preserving Islamic identity of Muslim minorities.
C) Face the challenges and designs that target Islam and Muslims in various fields.
D) Enhance mutual understanding, contact and cultural interaction between Muslims and non-Muslims, and appreciate the studies and stances which are fair towards Islam.
E) Monitor the international stands and developments that affect Islam and Muslims and adopt a unified Islamic stance towards them.
F) Organize meetings, symposiums and conferences that gather together the representatives of Islamic organizations in the world to have mutual consultation and follow up the implementation of common programs.
G) Conduct meetings and dialogues with the regional and international organizations and bodies.
Sixthly: Media and Culture
The Conference called upon the institutions of media and culture in the Muslim countries to have interactions with the scholars and intellectuals of Muslim Ummah as well as Da’wah institutions, and cooperate in solving the problems and guiding the reform tendencies.
It urged the Muslim World League to organize meetings and conferences that help in making contacts with Islamic scholars, preachers and those who work for media and culture in order to cooperate in the following:
1- Affirm that the Muslim blood is inviolable, and that sectarian intrigue is to be curtailed and any instigating in this regard is to be confronted, and that Muslims as rulers and subjects abide by the Qur"an and Sunnah, and that the laws of Muslim countries are purified from anything that contradicts Islam.
2- Enlighten Muslims on the concept of comprehensive security and inculcate it in the minds of people as well as ensure its positive impact on the security of Muslim Ummah and safety of its societies with cooperation of the society and its leaders in establishing security, and preventing the interference of enemies in the affairs of Muslim countries.
3- Strengthen the contribution of mosques, institutions of Da’wah and education as well as various communication means in addressing the problem of ignorance about Islam through adequate presentation of Islam in a manner that solves the problems of the age, and emphasize the coordination among them in preparing the plans that achieve the Islamic objectives and refute the false allegations raised against Islam.
The Conference called upon the Muslim World League to activate the International Islamic Media Organization and enhance its programs in a way that enables the media programs to guide the Muslims and help them confront the problems.
The Conference followed with concern the painful events in Libya, Syria, Yemen and other Muslim countries, and expressed its profound regret over the ongoing bloodshed, terrifying of peaceful citizens and destruction of properties in these countries. It appealed to the officials of these counties - at the official and popular levels - to work seriously for the end of these happenings and prevention of the bloodshed, and adopt dialogue as a means of solving the national differences and a way to stability, security, justice and correction of mistakes.
The Conference emphasized the following:
1- Significance of dialogue as an Islamic means used by the Prophets and reformers in the work of Da’wah and reform of people and nations. It is also important to remind of the Islamic methodology of dialogue that realizes the mutual contact, understanding and cooperation between individuals and institutions of the society and contributes to confronting the challenges and disputes as well as harmonizing the different views.
2- Urge the Muslim World League to accelerate the implementation of the recommendation adopted by the International Islamic Conference for Dialogue in 1429AH in Makkah Mukarramah regarding the establishment of an International Islamic Organization for Dialogue and preparation of plans and programs that achieve its global objectives.
3- Cooperate with scholars and opinion leaders in the Muslim world for adoption of dialogue as a means to solve the problems of Muslim Ummah and support the unity of its people, present Islam’s solutions to the emerging challenges and problems, warn against the danger of disunity, contribute towards achieving reform and development, and protect the young generations from inclination to excess or negligence on the rights of religion and country.
4- Continuance of the Muslim World League to implement the activities of dialogue in cooperation with the followers of different religions and cultures in the world in order to benefit from the positive results of the conferences held by it in Makkah Mukarramah, Madrid, Vienna, Geneva and Taipei.
The Conference praised the experiment of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia in the national dialogue and highlighted the initiative of Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques King Abdullah Ibn Abdul Aziz Al-Saud for dialogue and its positive impact on mutual understanding, cooperation and peaceful coexistence among the people in the world. It also praised the efforts made by the Muslim World League in this regard.
The Conference stressed the significance of the following:
A) Formation of Islamic delegations by the Muslim World League to visit the Muslim countries and meet the political, religious, social and cultural leadership as well as the influential institutions in these countries, and organization of symposiums and meetings to focus on the resolutions of this Conference as well as the necessity of dealing with the crises and happenings from the Islamic point of view so as to protect the Muslim societies from chaos, disorder and intrigue.
B) Formation of a specialized committee by the Muslim World League to follow up the recommendations of the Conference, and preparation to hold the Second Conference next year, Insha Allah.
The Conference concluded its proceedings by asking the MWL Secretariat General to send on behalf of the Conference, cables of thank and appreciation to Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques King Abdullah Ibn Abdul Aziz Al-Saud, HRH Crown Prince Sultan Ibn Abdul Aziz Al-Saud, HRH Prince Naif Ibn Abdul Aziz Al-Saud, Second Deputy Premier and to HRH Prince Khalid Al-Faisal Ibn Abdul Aziz Al-Saud, Governor of the Makkah Region for their continuous support to the Muslim World League as well as their sincere efforts in the service of Islam and Muslims.
We pray to Allah for blessing them as well as other Muslim leaders with His support and success. Allah"s blessing and peace be upon our Prophet Muhammad, his family and companions.
Issued in Makkah Mukarramah on 24 Sha’ban 1432AH (25 July 2011