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to perform the pilgrimage of Hajj or Umrah

All Praise be to Almighty Allah.
Blessing and peace be on His Prophet Muhammad after whom there is no prophet, and on all those who followed his way of guidance.
The Islamic Fiqh Council during its 5th session held between 8-16 Rabi Al-Aakhir 1402H (2-10 February 1982) discussed the issue of Ihram from Jeddah, which many of those who come to Makkah Mukarramah for Hajj or Umrah pilgrimage by air or sea, are forced to do, due to their ignorance of Miqaat prescribed by Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him), who has made it obligatory to do Ihram from Miqaat for all those who reside here or pass through it in order to perform the pilgrimage of Hajj and Umrah.
After taking into consideration, all the textual provisions available in the Islamic Shari'ah in this regard, the Islamic Fiqh Council adopted the following resolution:

First:
Miqaats, which Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) has prescribed and made it obligatory to do Ihram for their residents and others, who pass through them in order to perform the pilgrimage of Hajj or Umrah are:

Dhul Hulaifah for people of Madinah Munawwarah and those who pass through it. This place is now called Abyar Ali.
Al-Juhfah for people of Syria, Lebanon, Jordan, Palestine, Egypt and Morocco as well as those who pass through it. This place is now called Rabigh.
Qarn Al-Manazil for people of Najd and those who pass through it. This place is now called Wadi Muharram and As-Sail.

Dhat Irq for people of Iraq, Khorasan and those who pass through it. This place is now called Al-Dhareebah.

Yalamlam for people of Yemen and those who pass through it.

The Islamic Fiqh Council decided that it is obligatory for those who have intention to go for Hajj or Umrah to perform their Ihram, while approaching by air or sea, the place that is parallel to one of the above-mentioned five Miqaats, and which is the nearest to them. If they are doubtful and do not find anybody, who can guide them to the parallel of Miqaat, they must be careful and perform their Ihram before Miqaat, thinking that they have done their Ihram before reaching the line that is parallel to Miqaat, because Ihram before Miqaat is permissible.

Muslim scholars in all schools of Islamic Fiqh have the clear view on the above-mentioned issue and narrated in this regard, the authentic Hadiths of Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) regarding Hajj and Umrah. They have also presented as proof, what is reported from Ameer Al-Momineen Omar Ibn Al-Khattab (may Allah be pleased with him), when people of Iraq told him: Miqaat of Qarn Al-Manazil is away from our way. He told them: See its parallel on your way.

The Muslim scholars have said that Almighty Allah has commanded his servants to observe Taqwa as much as they can do. This is what can be done for those who do not pass through Miqaat. When it is known to them, then, the Hajj or Umrah pilgrims coming by air or sea must not delay their Ihram till they arrive in Jeddah, because Jeddah is not among Miqaats prescribed by Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) for the Hajj or Umrah pilgrims.

Similarly, the person, who did not carry the Ihram garments, should not delay his Ihram till he reaches Jeddah, but it is obligatory for him to do Ihram in his trousers, in case, he did not have with him, an Izar, as Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) has been reported in a Sahih Hadith as saying: “Who does not find shoes, should wear socks and who does not find an Izar, should wear trousers.”

However, he must keep his head uncovered, because Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him), when asked about what a Muhrim should wear? He said: “He should not wear shirt, turban, trousers, coat and socks except when he does not find shoes.” (Agreed upon)

For Muhrim, it is not permissible that he wears turban, cap or some other things used to cover the head. If he has a turban of a covering sheet, which he can use as Izar, he should use it as Izar, and in this case, he should not wear trousers. When he arrives in Jeddah, he must put off his trousers and replace it with an Izar if he can do so. If he did not have trousers and also did not have a turban which he can use as Izar, then, it is permissible for him, when he is on his way by air or sea and is in parallel to Miqaat that he should do Ihram with his (long) shirt, which he is wearing, however, he should keep his head uncovered. When he reached Jeddah, he should buy an Izar and put off his shirt and since he wore shirt, he will have to pay Kaffarah, that is to feed six poor persons as per the local standard, or to observe the fasting for three days, or slaughter a goat. He has the choice to do one of the three options as Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) had given the option to Ka'b Ibn Ajrah, when he permitted him to shave his head during his Ihram, due to the illness that he was suffering from.

Second:
The Islamic Fiqh Council assigns the MWL secretariat general to write to airline and shipping companies to inform the passengers before reaching Miqaat that they are shortly to pass Miqaat.

Third:
Sheikh Mustafa Ahmad Al-Zarqa, a member of the Islamic Fiqh Council differed in this regard. Sheikh Abu Bakr Muhammad Joomi, another member of the Council also differed on those who come from Sawakin to Jeddah only.

Chairman, Islamic Fiqh Council
Abdullah Ibn Muhammad Ibn Humaid
President, Supreme Judicial Council
Saudi Arabia

Deputy Chairman, Islamic Fiqh Council
Muhammad Ali Al-Harakan
Secretary-General, Muslim World League with reservation

Members:
Abdul Aziz Ibn Abdullah Ibn Baz
General President, Research, Ifta, Da’wah and Guidance

Muhammad Mahmood Al-Sawwaf
Saleh Ibn Othaimeen
Muhammad Abdullah Al-Subaiel
Mabrook Al-Awaadi
Muhammad Shadhli Al-Neifer
Mustafa Ahmad Al-Zarqa
Abdul Quddoos Hashemi
Muhammad Rasheedi
Abul Hassan Ali Al-Nadwi
Abu Bakr Muhammad Joomi
Hasanain Muhammad Makhloof
Muhammad Rasheed Qabbani
Mahmood Sheith Khattab
Muhammad Salem Abdul Wadood

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