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All Praise be to Almighty Allah. Blessing and peace be on His Prophet Muhammad after whom there is no prophet, and on all those who followed his way of guidance.
The Islamic Fiqh Council during its 1st session held in Makkah Mukarramah, Saudi Arabia between 10-17 Sha’ban 1398H examined the issue of the Bahai sect, which appeared in Iran in the second half of the 19th century and has a number of followers who are scattered today in many Muslim and non-Muslim countries.
The Council studied the writings of many scholars, authors and those who are well acquainted with the reality of this sect as well as its emergence, mission, literature, life of its founder Mirza Hussein Ali Mazindrani (born on 20 Muharram 1233H / 12 November 1817) and behaviour of his followers. It also studied the life of his son and successor Abbas Afandi who was also called Abdul Baha as well as the religious formations that regulate the works and activities of this sect.
After having adequate information about many authentic sources and some books of the Bahais themselves, as well as thorough discussions on them, the Council had a clear view about the sect as the following:
Bahaism is a new artificial religion based on Babism, which is a new artificial religion invented by Ali Muhammad (born in Muharram 1235H / October 1819 in the city of Shiraz. In the beginning, he adopted a philosophical mystic approach on the pattern of Sheikhism invented by his misguided mentor Kazim Al-Rishti, successor of Ahmad Zainuddin Al-Ahsaie, leader of Sheikhism, who pretended that his body is made of light like that of an angel. He also adopted other false superstitions.
In the beginning, Ali Muhammad followed his mentor’s way, then, he left him, and after some time, he came up before the people with a new appearance, claiming that he is Ali Ibn Abi Talib about which Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) has been reported as saying: “I am the city of knowledge and Ali is its gate (Bab).” Hence, he called himself Bab (gate). Then, he claimed that he is ‘Bab’ of the awaited Mahdi. Later, he pretended that he himself is the Mahdi and in his last days, he claimed to have divinity and called himself ‘the Supreme’.
Being a contemporary of Bab, Mirza Hussein Ali Al-Mazindarani, also called Baha followed his call. When Bab was tried and condemned to death due to his infidelity and sedition, Mirza Hussein Ali claimed that he was nominated by Bab to lead the Babis. This way, he became their head and named himself as Bahauddin.
Then, he moved further and proclaimed that all the religions came as preparatory to his appearance and that all the religions were incomplete and his religion came to accomplish them. He also proclaimed that he had characteristics of God and that he acquired God’s Great Name. He also claimed that the word ‘Lord of world’ is meant for him and that as Islam superseded the previous religions, Bahaism superseded Islam.
Bab and his followers interpreted the Qur’anic verses in extremely strange manner in order to make them suit their mischievous call and to imply that he has power to change the laws of the divine religions. He also presented certain rituals which are practised by his followers.
It became clear to the Islamic Fiqh Council through testimony of the textual proofs on the Bahais’ creeds, which are contradictory to the teachings and principles of Islam that Bahaism is based on the human idolatry due to Baha’s claim of divinity and of having power to change the Islamic Shari’ah, hence, the Council unanimously decided that Bahaism and Babism are out of Islam and these are considered as contrary and hostile to Islam, and their followers are openly and unequivocally Kafirs (infidels).
The Council cautioned Muslims all over the world against this infidel and misguided sect and called upon them to encounter it and remain cautious against it especially as it is proved that this sect has support of the colonial powers to undermine Islam and Muslims.
Abdullah Ibn Humaid
President, Supreme Judicial Council
Muhammad Ali Al-Harakan
Secretary-General, Muslim World League
Abdul Aziz Ibn Abdullah Ibn Baz
General President, Research, Ifta, Da’wah and Guidance
Muhammad Mahmood Al-Sawwaf
Saleh Ibn Othaimeen
Muhammad Ibn Abdullah Al-Subaiel
Muhammad Rasheed Qabbani
Abdul Quddoos Al-Nadvi
Abu Bakr Joomi