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With the support of Allah, the second international Islamic conference concluded its deliberations. The title of the conference was “Muslim World, Issues and Solutions." The Muslim World League organized the event under the theme “Islamic Solidarity." During three days from 1-3/5/1435 H corresponding to 2-4/3/2014 in the city of Um-Al-Qura the conference took place. The custodian of the two holy mosques, King Abdullah Bin Abdul-Aziz Al-Saud, patronized the event.
At the opening of the conference, HRH prince Mish’al Bin Abdullah Bin Abdul-Aziz, governor of Makkah, delivered the inaugural speech on behalf of the Custodian of the two holy mosques. He welcomed scholars and leaders of Islamic work. He has also highlighted the importance of this conference. He said all Muslims are looking forward to the outcome of this event with great expectation. They are waiting for resolutions that would strengthen cooperation programs among Muslims. He stressed further that this conference will bring into line both official and popular efforts to fulfill the Muslim peoples’ expectations. They are all hope that this conference will achieve solidarity between their governments and peoples. He emphasized the magnitude of the Ulamas’ efforts in educating people and disseminating the culture of reconciliation, tolerance and moderation. Theirs is an awesome duty to prop up the efforts of solidarity within the Muslim Umma. He called for concerted efforts to steer Muslim communities away from deviating from the general Islamic norms of conduct. He also warned against departing from the moderation of Islam to that of excessiveness.
The participants decided to adopt the speech of the Custodian of the two holy mosques, King Abdullah Bin Abdul-Aziz as one of the documents of the conference. They consider it to a starting point of the MWL’s efforts in promoting Islamic solidarity.
His Eminence Sheikh Abdul-Aziz Bin Abdullah Al-Sheikh, Grand Mufti of Saudi Arabia, and president of the Rabita’s supreme council delivered a speech. He thanked the Muslim World League for its interest and attention to Islamic solidarity. He lauded its quest to implement the expectations of Muslim peoples and their organizations. He called for a unity and adherence to the Book of Allah and the Sunna of His prophet. And invited Muslims to resort to both these principles in their quarrels and shun division and conflict.
In his speech, the Secretary General welcomed the conference’s participants reminding them of the MWL’s historical efforts in the area of Islamic cooperation. He told them about its desire to contribute in the realization of the fourth extraordinary summit conference resolutions. That summit warned against the ills of disagreements and conflicts. He invited them to making people aware of Islamic solidarity and spread its culture. He also told his audience that the Muslim World League made this topic its top priority. This event is clear evidence to that. Participants will undoubtedly present research papers that would help overcome the obstacle facing solidarity. Hopefully, these will also assist in the establishment of Islamic relations that will prevail over problems plaguing the Umma.
His Excellency Dr. Essamuddin Bin Ahmad Al- Bashir, president of the Islamic Fiqh Council in Sudan delivered a speech on behalf of the participants. He expressed the participants’ thanks and appreciation to the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia and the Muslim World League for their keen interest in supporting projects of Muslim solidarity. This issue is urgently needed in times of international and regional coalitions. He highlighted the expectations to a brighter tomorrow and more productive future dear to the hearts of our Muslim peoples. Many dedicated people have a dream and wish for strong solidarity among Muslims. It is hard work and mobilizing resources and energy that will make this a reality. Dreams and wishful thinking never achieve things.
The conference is being held in very critical circumstances the Muslim Umma is passing through. A constellation of scholars of the Umma is gathering along with leaders of Islamic associations and organizations from around the world. They have realized the magnitude of the challenges facing the Muslim World in light of international political, economic and cultural changes. They praised the honest efforts being exerted in strengthening Islamic solidarity. They thanked the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia for its pioneering endeavor in achieving Muslim solidarity. They extol the leading efforts being made in uniting Muslim ranks and countering the challenges facing the Muslims. These endeavors started with the founder, King Abdul-Aziz Bin Abdurrahman Al-Saud; succeeded by his sons, until the current era of the Custodian of the two holy mosques, King Abdullah Bin Abdul-Aziz Al-Saud.
The conference reviewed the issues touching the current state of the Umma. The participants discussed the state of affairs in some Muslim countries. They cited the terrible conditions of some countries and communities. They realized the urgent need to address and treat these issues. It is through capacity building, highlighting the true image of this Umma and its real civilization that would overcome these obstacles.
The conference participants highlighted the following points:
1- The Islamic solidarity that Muslim peoples looked forward to, emanates from the divine call:” And hold firmly to the rope of Allah all together and do not become divided” Sura Al-Imran, verse 103. It should be a driving force to develop effective ways and methods of cooperation and coordination between their countries and Islamic organizations. They should exert all out efforts to employ its potential in order for the Umma to regain its prestigious position. Muslims should uphold and defend its cultural identity and help it accomplish its human project.
2- Careful attention should be given to the most prominent problems frustrating some Muslim communities and countries. One of which is the ignorance of the true Islam and the weak connection to it. We add to that, the dominance of secular trends in some Muslim states. Repulsive Sectarian conflicts are another element exploited by opportunists to weaken the Umma and meddle in its affairs. Their objective is to undermine the political, cultural, economic and social status and deepen the crises of the Nation.
3- Building closer relations between peoples and governments in Muslim countries must be emphasized, where rights and obligations must take precedence. Both official and popular efforts must complement each other to face internal and external problems. Governments should pay particular attention to their own peoples’ issues. This comes in line with fulfilling their obligations to keep its enemies at bay, and thwart their attempts in exploiting conflicts to undermine social peace.
4- Dialogue between Muslims plays an important role to discuss common relevant problems. They must resolve their differences among themselves. Dialogue is after all the most useful way to better understanding and convergence of views. Formulas of understanding must be found. These should stem from the Nation’s vastly shared interests. Muslims should work towards promoting the Umma’s unity, and saving its resources from loss in conflicts. Only its enemies will benefit from division and disunity.
5- Furthermore, scholars, religious, educational and cultural institutions in addition to the media must intervene in reforming Muslim communities. This should be done according to Islamic norms to avoid reasons of discord among Muslims.
The Participants are of the opinion that unrest and tensions happening in some Muslim countries are the result of turning away from God’s tenets. They invited them to revert to its principle through establishing justice in the management of public affairs. They urge Muslim states to uphold the rights of people. They asked them to respect their legitimate freedoms and their human dignity. However, most important, they told them to address their problems.
The lack of concern in the general interest of people is another negative factor. Add to that the gap between rulers and citizens will subject society to even more break up. It will prevent the community from standing on its own, and waste its moral, material and human energy.
They highlighted the necessity to solve urgent problems between Muslims. The commitment to firm intention and strong determination must be of utmost importance to achieve success. A comprehensive reform project must be drafted. This undertaking must be based on the fulfillment of the Islamic Sharia’s overall objectives. Legislative measures, goal setting and planning leading to them must be taken into careful consideration.
The conference recommendations and decisions:
Following discussions of the conference’s topics, the participants reached the following: First: Understanding and application of Islam:
The conference stressed the significance of cooperation among different groups of society. Scholars, intellectuals, officials, popular Muslim associations and organizations must rally to prepare propagation and cultural programs. They should raise awareness about the objectives of Islamic Sharia. Those involved must actively seek the best means of applying these programs properly in various areas of life. They should serve as references to address other issues that may face Muslims in the future.
Emphasis must be put on teaching aids that would help Muslim youths understand Islam’s principles and truths. Values such as mercy and moderation that teach Muslims to shun extremism and terrorism must be highlighted. The participants called on governments of Muslim states to establish associations and centers of learning. In these, the spread of moderation culture would be taught, praising the efforts exerted in this area.
The conference called for the support of organization and foundations, led by the Muslim World League, that introduce Islam within the Muslim Umma. They invited anyone involved to assist them show Islam in such a way that would solve current problems and developments. Together they should coordinate to set up plans to handle errors and aberrations in understanding and practicing Islam. They must also confront anti-Islam campaigns.
The participants confirmed what they have said on several previous Islamic events. Muslim Shari ‘a must be applied in various areas of daily life. It’s after all the most appropriate means to establish religion and fulfill Muslims’ interests and establish justice. Furthermore, it provides justice and ensures rights for all. Islam’s laws are resilient. They encompass different circumstances and conditions. The participants warned also against drifting away behind the currents of extremism.
The conference invited scholars, scientific foundations' staff, cultural and media outlets to encourage Muslims to apply Allah’s laws to settle their differences. A clear proof to this request lies in Sura An-Nisa, verse 65. Allah says: ”But no, by your Lord, they will not [truly] believe until they make you, [O Mohammad], judge concerning that over which they dispute among themselves and then find within themselves no discomfort from what you have judged and submit in [full, willing] submission”
Second: General reform
The participants confirmed the significance of reforms within Muslim communities. They consider them to be helpful instruments to sidestep the traps of strife and chaos. It is corruption and delayed reform that cause damage and disorder. They stressed the necessity to confront external interventions in the affairs of some Muslim countries. They called on Islamic countries to tackle these interferences and claims that raise strife among the peoples of the Umma.
Participants warned Muslims against the claims of abhorrent sectarianism. These claims encourage animosities and spread the culture of hatred among Muslims. Furthermore, Allah has warned the Umma about dissension. In addition, negative aspects of long buried historical facts should not be means to break up Muslim unity. Instead, joint efforts and cooperation should be used to deal with the real challenges facing the Umma.
The participants requested the Secretariat General of the Muslim World League to set up a Committee of Islamic Harmony. The duty of this body would be to coordinate between the institutions of civil community. Its objective is to achieve social peace that would immunize Muslim societies from conflict and sectarian discord. Such work will also thwart attempts to sow seeds of dissension among Muslims. The conference recommends the MWL to form a committee of wise men comprising prominent Muslim figures. Their task is to achieve reconciliation between warring parties according to the Shari’a of Allah. They further asked the Rabita to establish a clear project for the working mechanism of this body; which will be presented to the Supreme Council of the Muslim World League for approval.
The Fiqh Council of the Muslim World League has been asked to create a specialized task force on “Jurisprudence of Islamic Politics." This team shall provide a religious and realistic vision that would enlighten Muslim youth about innovations. These should manifest Islamic concepts such as loyalty and discharge. They should clarify jihad, and its pretexts; its provisions, its purposes and etiquettes. They should examine any other matters, which need consideration and present it to the community.
Support should be given to Fatwa, and Da’wa in the Muslim world, so they can perform their duties educating the Umma and motivate it to adhere to its firm principles. The participants called for the establishment of centers and institutes to train scholars. These would care for the intelligent among Muslim youths and would be serious qualification camps. Once fit and able, these youth would tackle the reality of the Umma and any new developments. They would follow the light of the Book and the Sunna and the rightly guided forerunners’ understanding.
The conference invited Scholars, propagators and Fiqh councils to inculcate the respect of religious fatwa based on irrefutable proof in the minds of Muslims. Participants urged the Umma to pay attention to its young people and protect them from cultures contrary to their religion.
True cooperation between Islamic popular bodies and organizations and official ones must take precedence. Theirs will be a joint contribution to address issues of concern to the Muslim world. Comprehensive programs of action must be put in place. This will in the long run, fulfill the expectation of the Muslim Umma. It will protect the security and unity of the Nation and also address the problems of its peoples. Furthermore, it will guard its youth from extremism and keeps it away from the roots of repulsive sectarianism, division and conflicts. Such programs will reinforce the culture of one single Umma in their minds. Eventually, they will be engaged in Islamic solidarity projects.
Reform should stem from the principles and rules of Islamic law and inspired by early great Muslim models and their productive experiences. Towing these lines, good governance will be established. Mercy, dialogue and consultation will be the norms among people. The orthodox caliphate should be taken as a role model, for; it has been the optimum Islamic model for a Muslim state that balances rights and obligations. It’s a valuable recipe to a fair citizenship enjoyed by everyone.
The participants called to the following:
1- A special attention must be given to the judicature in Muslim countries. Guaranties of fair trials according to Shari’a must be ensured. An international Islamic Court as expressed by past summit conferences and recommended by Fiqh councils must be established.
2- We must persuade and motivate Muslim sates to support tyrannized Muslim countries and communities. This comes as a command in the Prophet’s hadith:”Support your brother transgressor of transgressed. Mechanisms must be put in place to deter transgressors, and at the same time recover the rights of the oppressed. This must be done in compliance with the saying of the Prophet (PBUH). He said:” How can Allah vindicate people, where the weak among them cannot get justice from the powerful?"
3- In a speech to the heads of hajj missions in 1429 H, the Custodian of the two holy mosques asked them to straighten the Muslim house by intensifying dialogue among Muslims. He told them to hold activities, conferences and forums, especially for dialogue. He highlighted the importance of the participation of the Nations’ scholars and opinion leaders to address contentious issues and reach common grounds. The conference decided to request the Muslim World League to prepare an all-inclusive program for these activities. Being the representative of Muslim peoples and minorities in addition to its successful experience in dialogue between religions and cultures, the MWL is the best choice for this task.
4- We must confront partisanship, racial and ethnic prejudice in Muslim communities. National unity and Islamic brotherhood must be safeguarded. Any disagreement must be dealt with according to the Book and the Sunna and the rightly guided forerunners’ understanding.
5-Attention must be given to address poverty spreading in many Muslim countries. Poverty has a great negative impact on social fabric. Sound economic systems according to Islamic Shari’a must be looked at and applied thereon. Steady steps must be taken to jump start a comprehensive development program. States must create economic entities that would invest into the Nation’s people’s potentials. Their human, financial and creative resources must be put to use in this endeavor. The pillar of Zakat constitutes a vital element of Islamic economy. It must be collected and spent properly on the needy. Improve charity work associations. Continue providing Islamic charity services. It is about time an Islamic Common Market sees the light. Concerted efforts must lead to the reality of this idea in light of passed resolutions. Support must be provided to institutions working to achieve social welfare. Obstacles hindering the proper running of its programs that deal with unemployment among youths must be removed.
Third: Media and Culture
Participants called on Media and Cultural institutions to pay more attention to protect Muslim traditions from harmful trends. Media must cooperate with relevant diverse institutions to defend Islam, its message and its Prophet (PBUH). They should work to promote the unity of the Muslim Umma. They should cooperate with Islamic organizations and scholars to establish firmly the culture of solidarity in the minds of Muslims. Warnings must be issued about social networking and its harm on faith and values, and security and stability.
Scholars and intellectuals and Da’wa institutions of the Umma must unite for the sake of reform programs. These must be supported in order to deal with problems, such as extremism, terrorism and obnoxious sectarianism and ugly partisanship.
They must educate and instill in Muslims the concept of comprehensive security. They should show its positive influence on the security of the Umma and safety of its communities. Community leaders and people must work together to etch security and stability in the psyche of the population. Non-interference in the affairs of the Muslim Umma must be emphasized and underscored.
They invited Muslim media to:
1- Both multimedia and different scientific and Da’wa institutions must intensify their cooperation in tackling ignorance about Islam and its tenets. Nevertheless, they should present it in such ways that would help address the problems of our era. Emphasis must be placed on cooperation between these mediums, and plans, and programs must be drawn to attain Islamic purposes. Multimedia and organizations should counteract the campaigns raised against Islam. However, there is another important issue in need of expedient handling that is of correcting stereotypes about Islam. Examples of positive coexistence in the Muslim world must be stressed along with non-Muslim contributors in Islamic civilization with their Muslim countrymen.
2- Media with its cyberspace tools of our age must be able to produce documentary programs on every Muslim country. These could be broadcasted on different television stations around the Muslim world. Such effort will undoubtedly narrow the knowledge gap between the populations of the Muslim world.
3- Media must monitor changes in attitudes of some organizations and associations towards Islam and Muslims. Then, appropriate positions must be taken either to encourage and support favorable ones or correct misconceptions. First, they should start with establishing positive relations with followers of other religions and cultures; next building bridges of communication and dialogue; finally, cooperation.
Fourth: Overall Development
Participants stressed the importance of coordination and integration among official and public research centers within the Muslim Umma. These centers should look into priorities, and general affairs of the Umma, and not worry about trivial matters. They called for the following:
1- The MWL should create a strategic research and studies center. Its primary duty is to deal with Muslims’ issues and their urgent problems. And, through serious scientific studies, solutions will be presented that combine religious vision and cognitive specialization.
2- Proper methods creating scientific and social conditions improving academic and scholarly research in the Muslim world must be found. Initiatives on the individual or foundations levels must be supported. Exchange achievements and discoveries and research findings done in Islamic institutions and universities.
3- A clear educational and pedagogical strategy between all Islamic states must be planned. Such strategy will lead to the standardization of issuing scientific degrees. Arabic language must be made language of communication and unifying force among Muslim peoples. We should take pride of our Islamic civilization, and the contributions made by Muslim scientists in many areas of knowledge. We must build upon these foundations. However, above all, we must benefit from the modern world’s achievements that do not contradict our belief.
4- Creativity and workmanship must be promoted. Staff and talents in the Islamic world must be nurtured, because this workforce will be a reliable asset in understanding and applying modern science in practical life. A special attention must be paid to gifted individuals by supporting them on the road to innovation and creativity. Brilliant Muslims brains that migrated abroad must be enticed to return to homelands to serve the Muslim Umma.
5- Providing incentives and organizing scientific competitions to motivate creativity must be our priority. Competent authorities must facilitate patents' registration, then transform inventions into products to boost, support and protect local market development. Finally, difficulties facing the access of these products to international markets must be overcome.
6- Coordination and solidarity between universities and institutes of the Muslim world must be encouraged. They must exchange scientific expertise and joint research and focus on the practical side. Education planning must be closely linked to experiences and specialization needed by communities. The League of Islamic Universities should play an active role in this.
Fifth: Issues of Muslim peoples
Participants stressed the fact that Palestine is the issue of all Muslims. It should not be relinquished. They reminded Muslims about the Aqsa Mosque’s position in their hearts. They called on all Islamic and international organizations to exert efforts to mobilize world support to thwart projects of Judaizition of Al-Quds and Al-Aqsa. They warned about violations of global political and cultural covenants. They requested the prevention of Jewish extremists from attacking the Mosque and worshippers in it. They call international bodies to provide guarantees to protect it from demolition plans.
They asked the international communities and their organizations to prevent Israel from building more residential settlements and compounds on lands belonging to Palestinian cities and villages. Practical programs must be initiated in support of the resistance of Al-Quds’ inhabitants. They must be enabled to confront plans of the Zionist entity to break the isolation and siege imposed on them. The participants requested the Muslim World League to a special conference dealing with issues of Al-Quds and Islamic holy places.
They invited the Palestinians brothers to put an end to their squabbles, expressing their concern about the deteriorating conditions in Gaza. These conditions are the result of the continuous blockade applied against the Sector. International community must pressure Israel to stop their blatant assaults and end their siege and open crossings. They also asked them to intervene to free the prisoners. Furthermore, they requested Muslim countries and organizations involved in areas of relief to provide more aids to the people of Palestine.
The Participants expressed their profound pain for the events in Syria. They condemned the horrific massacres happening in Syrian cities and villages. Thousands of innocent people fall victims to the oppressive regime’s war machine, and the world’s indifference to its ruthless crimes aided by some countries and parties. These soldiers of fortune have one thing on their minds: tearing the Umma with abhorrent sectarianism and intolerance. They hold them accountable for supporting the Syrian regime. They ask these countries to obey international initiatives and implement “Geneva 1” statement. And that is to transfer authority to transitional rule. Such initiative will bring the people of Syria together, maintain its unity and put a stop to carnage and destruction in this country.
They invited Iran to review its position in support of the Syrian regime. They requested it to stop meddling in the affairs of some Muslim countries. Hence these actions lead to the Umma’s disunity and the spread of differences and obnoxious sectarian partisanship. Furthermore, it depletes the Nation’s capabilities and tosses Muslims into factional conflicts. They demanded the exit of sectarian militia from Syria.
The participants pressed charity associations to double their efforts in helping Syrian in and outside their country. They appeal to the Umma’s Ulama to deal with the events in Syria and to stand with its unfortunate people.
The conference’s participants warned of the danger of sectarian calls in the Lebanon. They cautioned about the fallout of Hezbollah in Syria on Lebanon and asked for immediate withdrawal from Syria. They ordered it to refrain from provocative sectarian practices. They appealed to the Lebanese government for an all-out effort to distance Lebanon from sedition and to pursue the interests its people.
The Participants invited political parties in Iraq to agree on building a unified Iraq. In it, the rights of all religious denominations and racial groups will be protected. Ethnic, sectarian shifts and tendentious interventions causing unrest and strife must be avoided. As these elements hamper development and stability in the country, Iraq moves towards the abyss of rebellion and bloodshed.
The people of Yemen and the government must work together to accomplish Yemen’s stability and unity. It is essential that the resolutions of the national dialogue conference must be implemented. Yemeni scholars must contribute to this effort. Charity's foundations were called to provide aid to the needy. Development institutions must perform their duty to face the difficult problems. However, people should be made aware of sectarian trends supported by foreign powers.
Muslims are very concerned about the bloody massacres committed against the Myanmar’s Muslims. The participants denounced Myanmar’s policy of persecution and discrimination. They appeal to human rights organizations to assume their duty by protecting Myanmar’s Muslims. Their citizenship rights must be granted and supported on an equal basis. They request international and humanitarian organizations to take the necessary steps to stop aggression of the Rohingya and bring the culprits to bear.
The poignant events happening in the Central African Republic have caused concern and consternation. The participants call on Islamic countries to put an end to these horrific massacres in that country. They have asked the Muslim World League to form a delegation to determine the causes of these events and to provide solutions.
Sixth: Muslim communities and minorities:
The conference invited Muslim states and organizations to take good care of the Muslim communities and minorities. In order to enable these organisms to practice their religious and worldly rights, the associations representing them must be supported. They also encourage them to integrate within the society they live in. Communities and minorities must play a positive role in the process of cultural development; an asset to maintain their religion and their Islamic identity.
The participants expressed thanks to the Islamic Development Bank for its effort to help Muslim minorities in the world. They highlighted the importance of granting soft loans to education and health associations providing services to them.
Seventh: Islamic Solidarity Charter:
At the end of the conference, the participants have adopted the “Charter of Islamic Solidarity” They have expressed the importance to deliver it to the Custodian of the two holy mosques, King Abdullah Bin Abdul-Aziz Al-Saud. They hope that through his efforts with Muslim countries’ leaders to support and implement it. They also recommended the Rabita to form a Muslim delegation to introduce the Charter of Islamic solidarity in Muslim communities.
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The conference’s participants have expressed Muslims hopes. They all look forward- with confidence- to the Custodian of the two holy mosques to continue the Kingdom’s great efforts. He should invite all warring parties and bring them together near the Holy Kaaba, the way it has happened with the Afghans, the Palestinians and others.
They requested the Rabita to create an “Islamic Solidarity Prize” in the name of the Custodian of the two holy mosques, King Abdullah Bin Abdul-Aziz Al-Saud. This will be rewarded to personalities and associations for their distinguished work in the service to this noble task.
The participants requested the Rabita to prepare the third conference with the theme” the Muslim World, Issues and solutions.” They asked for more in-depth handling of the Muslim world’s conditions, its changes and development. A committee must be set up to follow the resolutions issued during this conference. The objective of the follow-up process will seek to implement practical steps leading to Muslims’ solidarity; to unite their stance; to warn them against division and sectarianism. Both official and popular institutions and efforts must work together as a unit.
Participants expressed thanks and appreciation to the Custodian of the two holy mosques, King Abdullah Bin Abdul-Aziz Al-Saud; his deputy Premier HRH Prince Salman Bin Abdul-Aziz Al-Saud; the second deputy Premier HRH Prince Migren Bin Abdul-Aziz Al-Saud. They expressed their thanks to the Kingdom’s efforts in supporting Islamic solidarity. They praise the interest to Muslim issues. They highly commend the services of the Kingdom to pilgrims and visitors. They acclaim the colossal work performed at the holy sites. They also mentioned the support accorded to Rabita in achieving its goals and objectives, and patronizing its programs.
They also thanked HRH Prince Mish’al Bin Abdullah Bin Abdul-Aziz Al-Saud, Governor of Makkah for the attention given to Rabita and its guests.
They expressed special thanks to His Eminence, Sheikh Abdul-Aziz Bin Abdullah Al-Sheikh, the Saudi Grand Mufti and president of the Supreme Council of the MWL. They appreciate his constant following up and interest in the Rabita. They thanked the Rabita and its employees under the leadership of its Secretary General His Excellency Abdullah Bin Abdelmohsin Al-Turki. They commend the outstanding preparation of this conference. The participants also appreciate the efforts of the Rabita’s offices and centers in bringing Muslims together. They extol their efforts in keeping the Muslims connected to the Book of Allah and the Sunnah of the Prophet (PBUH) and their cooperation with different Muslim people and countries.
Issued in Makkah