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All Praise be to Almighty Allah.
Blessing and peace be on His Prophet Muhammad after whom there is no prophet, and on all those who followed his way of guidance.
The Islamic Fiqh Council during its 5th session held between 8-16 Rabi Al-Aakhir 1402H (2-10 February 1982) looked into the question which was referred to it on the prevailing difference among some Muslims in India regarding the permissibility or non-permissibility of the Friday Khutbah in the local language other than the Arabic language as there are those who see that it is not permissible, because the Friday Khutbah is in fact the replacement of the two Rak’ah obligatory prayer.
The questioner also asked whether it is permissible or impermissible to use the loudspeaker for delivering the Khutbah as some scholars announced that it is not permissible to use it. They present weak arguments.
After having studied the views of the Fiqh scholars in various schools of the Islamic Fiqh, the Council adopted the following resolution:
1. Most appropriate view which we have adopted is that the Arabic language is not a condition for validity of the Friday and Eid Khutbah in the non-Arab countries. However, it is better to recite its introductory part that contains the Qur’anic verses in Arabic so as to make non-Arabs used to the Arabic language and the Qur’an, and so that it is easy for them to learn and recite the Qur’an in its own language. After that, Khateeb should continue his address in the local language that is understood by the audience.
2. There is no objection in the Islamic Shari’ah for the use of loudspeaker in order to deliver the Khutbahs of the Friday prayer as well as Eid Al-Fitr and Eid Al-Adha. Likewise, there is no objection for its use during the prayers. Even it is desirable to use it in the big mosques where the voice hardly reaches all corners of such mosques. It is also because the use of loudspeaker serves the objectives of Islamic Shari’ah.
Every new instrument that is in the human reach by the Grace of Almighty Allah, serves a purpose of the Islamic Shari’ah or helps in accomplishment of the Islamic duties or obligations is in fact a religious requirement.
Chairman, Islamic Fiqh Council
Abdullah Ibn Muhammad Ibn Humaid
President, Supreme Judicial Council
Deputy Chairman, Islamic Fiqh Council
Muhammad Ali Al-Harakan
Secretary-General, Muslim World League
Abdul Aziz Ibn Abdullah Ibn Baz
General President, Research, Ifta, Da’wah and Guidance
Muhammad Mahmood Al-Sawwaf
Saleh Ibn Othaimeen
Muhammad Abdullah Al-Subaiel
Muhammad Shadhli Al-Neifer
Mustafa Ahmad Al-Zarqa
Abdul Quddoos Hashemi
Abul Hassan Ali Al-Nadwi
Abu Bakr Muhammad Joomi
Hasanain Muhammad Makhloof
Muhammad Rasheed Qabbani
Mahmood Sheith Khattab
Muhammad Salem Abdul Wadood