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In the Name of Allah, the Most Compassionate, the Most Merciful
Praise be to Allah Lord of the worlds. The good end is for the God-fearing and then there is no hostility except against wrong doers. May the peace and blessing of Allah is upon His truthful Messenger, his household and all his companions.
Solidarity is a very well-known fact in religion among Muslims. Individuals, communities and states, constitute a single entity. Its members collaborate for what brings goodness and repels evil. Allah says in verse 2 of Sura Al-Maida: (“rather, help one another in acts of righteousness and piety, and do not help one another in sin and transgression. Fear Allah. Surely Allah is severe in retribution.”). He also says in verse 103 and 104 0f Sura Al-Imran (“Hold fast together to the cable of Allah and be not divided. Remember the blessing that Allah bestowed upon you: you were once enemies then He brought your hearts together, so that through His blessing you became brothers. You stood on the brink of a pit of fire and He delivered you from it. Thus Allah makes His signs clear to you that you may be guided to the right way. And from among you there must be a party who invite people to all that is good and enjoin the doing of all that is right and forbid the doing of all that is wrong. It is they who will attain true success.”) The messenger of Allah said: (“you see the believers in their mutual love, mercy and compassion is like one single body, when one organ is hurt, fever and sleeplessness will befall the whole body”) Narrated by Al-Bukhari, 5665. Furthermore, the Prophet said :( “The parable of a believer to another is like a building holding tightly together, and he clasped his fingers.”) Narrated by Al-Bukhari, 6750.
Solidarity among Muslims in this era became a safety valve to existence. It’s also an element to ensure presence and the achievement of civilization. In this area, the Umma is lagging far behind. As you may have noticed the world around us is huddling together. Only powerful and united entities influence the course of actions in this world. Allah says in Sura Al-Anfal, verse 46: (“And do not quarrel with one another lest you should lose courage and your power departs. Be steadfast, surely Allah is with those who remain steadfast.”)
The Messenger has warned about weakness resulting from division, and disregard of solidarity. He said (PBUH):
“Keep to the group, wolves attack only stray sheep”. (Narrated by Abu Dawood, 1547; authenticated as a good hadith by Al-Albani).
Allah commands reconciliation between warring Muslims; He says in Sura Al-Hujurat, verse 9:
“If two parties of the believers happen to fight, make peace between them. But then, if one of them transgresses against the other, fight the one that transgresses until it reverts to Allah's command. And if it does revert, make peace between them with justice, and be equitable for Allah loves the equitable.”
Plans, programs and projects will turn the dream of Islamic solidarity from wishful thinking into reality. It will be a concrete truth, not an ephemeral vision. It’s about time for political, religious, social and cultural leaders in Muslim countries to translate these into certainty. It’s through cohesion and unity around a principle that pleases their Lord and brings happiness to their peoples. The Umma’s leaders, scholars and thinkers must shoulder the responsibility to achieve this objective.
The motives leading to the unity of the Umma are accessible. Our nation is in great needed of this union. The guaranties of success are available, and the Muslim identity is known to anyone. Abundant resources and creative minds ensuring this objective are at hand.
Justifying failures through conspiracy theory is a pathetic excuse. It’s with hard work that the desired Islamic solidarity will be achieved. Minds, supported by resources should start functioning. Communities must be prodded into action through writings and motivation. Muslims must unite their ranks and redouble their efforts. All of these combined elements will eventually realize the coveted Islamic solidarity.
The kind patronage of the Custodian of the two holy mosques, King Abdullah Bin Abdul-Aziz Al-Saud to the second international conference (The Muslim World … Issues and Solutions) that has been organized by the MWL on Islamic solidarity has been a great boost. The conference has been held at the close proximity of the Holy Haram. Scholars, propagators and leaders of Muslim associations have been invited to participate in the event. It’s a great opportunity for scholars, and those concerned with the Umma’s affairs to make more efforts for Islamic solidarity. Furthermore, the Umma is looking for a patron who would support its projects and a leader who guides its March. All of this is for the sake of cohesion and harmony.
Makkah is the holy precinct and the birth place of The Prophet of Allah (PBUH). It would be a good starting point to launch these noble projects and boost these genuine efforts. These, will reinforce the Umma and toughen its resolve. It’s after all here where the revelation has come down, and the message has been nurtured.
The second international conference “Muslim World … Issues and Solutions” has been specially prepared to discuss Muslim solidarity. It declares that this charter “Charter of Islamic Solidarity” highlights the fundamentals and priorities of solidarity. It further confirms faith and moderation and promotes opportunities of sustainable development. It will contribute to the Nation’s advancement, cure its problems and protect it from dangers.
The participants have unanimously endorsed this charter. They fully pledge to implement its contents each according to his capacity, responsibility and position.
They would like to thank the efforts of some Muslim leaders in their quest to achieve Islamic solidarity. In particular, they commend the Custodian of the two holy mosques, King Abdullah Bin Abdul-Aziz Al-Saud and Saudi Arabia for their relentless work. The Kingdom’s application of God’s tenets is highly prized. They lauded its concern with Muslims’ affairs and care of the two sacred places.
Fundamentals of Islamic solidarity:
Solidarity is a religious duty and a necessary obligation:
Today, the Umma is in dire need of solidarity in all aspects. Its resources are distributed far and wide in Muslim lands around the world. If any country lacks particular resources, you will find them in another. Without doubt, these facts should promote solidarity among Muslims.
Solidarity consists of two levels:
First, on the countries’ levels and second, on the peoples' level.
Solidarity among Muslims is a religious obligation. Allah says in Quran in Sura Al-Anbiya, verse 92:
(“Verily this community of yours is a single community, and I am your Lord; so worship Me”).
He also says in Sura Al-Mu’minun, verse 52. (“This community of yours is one community, and I am your Lord; so hold Me alone in fear”).
Reality drives the Umma towards cohesion and complete coordination. Hence, the objectives are shared and the fate is common, and the entire nation will be targeted.
The inevitability of solidarity is an issue imposed by reality. It’s also prompted by the crucial phase the Umma is passing through. This is happening in a world where followers of different cultures, religions and ethnicity are converging together. All this is done for the sake of common interests.
2. Reference of solidarity:
Revelation constitutes the basic reference to the Muslim Umma. It’s the Book of Allah and the Sunna of his Prophet (PBUH). These, follow the life-style of the righteous companions and the understanding of the guided predecessors. Allah says in Sura An-Nisa, verse 59. (“…Believers! Obey Allah and obey the Messenger, and those from among you who are invested with authority; and then if you were to dispute among yourselves about anything refer it to Allah and the Messenger if you indeed believe in Allah and the Last Day; that is better and more commendable in the end”).
He also says in Sura An-Nisa, verse 115: (“As for him who sets himself against the Messenger and follows a path other than that of the believers even after true guidance had become clear to him, We will let him go to the way he has turned to, and We will cast him into Hell - an evil destination”).
Based on this fixed reference, the Umma must start its march towards renaissance and unity. It must seek assistance from Allah and draws guidance from His Book and the Sunna of His Messenger (PBUH). Both these two fundamentals must be taken as the beacon that lights the way and guides to the straight path.
The righteous predecessors of this Umma provided the role model in the area of collaboration and support.
It wouldn’t be difficult for anyone following the life of our Prophet (PBUH) and his noble companions to notice the close support they show in support of their causes. The way they carried their message, has earned them Allah’s praise in the holy Quran. Allah says in Sura Al-Fath, verse 29:
(“Muhammad is Allah's Messenger and those who are with him are firm with the unbelievers but compassionate with one another. You see them occupied in bowing and prostrating and in seeking Allah's bounty and good pleasure. They are distinguished from others by the marks of prostration on their faces. Thus are they described in the Torah. And their parable in the Gospel is that of a tilth that puts forth its shoot, then strengthens it so that it becomes stout and stands firmly on its stem. This is a sight pleasing to the sowers and one by which the unbelievers will be enraged. As for those who believe and do righteous deeds, Allah has promised them forgiveness and a great reward”).
Our righteous predecessors were the byproduct of the best centuries. They have been united in their devotion to worship Allah alone. They have been in accord in speech and actions, guided by a clear vision and noble objective. They reached what they wanted to accomplish.
They have served this religion, and conveyed it to people. They fulfilled their goals and performed this awesome task in the shortest time through mutual support and solidarity.
Today, Muslim affairs won’t be flourishing lest they follow on the footsteps of their righteous predecessors. They must adopt the reliable revelation as a source of guidance. They must adhere to the practical ways of their forerunners led by the messenger of Allah. Their journey towards enriching life according to Allah’s sanctioned laws would be rewarded by receiving His divine pleasure.
3. Taking into accounts circumstances of the times.
Solidarity among Muslims stems from established principles and values, and the Muslims shared expectations. This unity factor has a lot to do with their sought-after needs, and their current existence that necessitates improvement. However, it revolves around a brighter future in need of fulfillment.
The march on the road to solidarity must shun differences and renounce causes of disunity and dispersion. Hence, a united Umma outweighs a divided one.
With a keen eye on the present, the Umma must look forward to the future. It must be attentive to current circumstances and conditions. Our nation must use diversity as a tool to gain enrichment and experience. Furthermore, it must be sensitive to Muslim countries’ own characteristics, and communities’ priorities. After our Muslim Umma is one single group.
On its journey towards solidarity, the Muslim Umma must benefit from the experience of others. It should cooperate with others in a manner that doesn’t clash with its divine message. Allah says in Sura Al-Maida, verse:
“Rather, help one another in acts of righteousness and piety, and do not help one another in sin and transgression. Fear Allah. Surely Allah is severe in retribution.”
It’s with support of Allah that solidarity’s march among Muslims has made great strides. It happened also with the efforts of dedicated members of the community. Muslims should start building upon where they have left off. Development of Multiple projects of solidarity along with supporting ones must be started. All this should be implemented with one thought in mind, the achievement of the coveted solidarity.
In our modern era, many pacts and diverse solidarity unions have been signed. We, Muslims, should see no harm in learning from their experience. We should learn wisdom from others and add our input. We must also put our mark while preserving our identity.
The Umma must cooperate to enter into every alliance like that of the Fudhool anywhere in the world. Hence its message is universal not bound by time or space. Allah says in Sura Saba, verse 28:
(O Prophet), We have not sent you forth but as a herald of good news for all mankind.), and it’s a mercy to mankind.
Allah also says in Sura Al-Anbiya, verse 107: (“We have sent you forth as nothing but mercy to people of the whole world”).
The holy Prophet (PBUH) has concluded many pacts and treaties. Some have been based on the country, the way it was in the Medina document. While others have been based on shared interest, the way it was with his treaty with the tribe of Khuza’a. So, solidarity could be achieved based on mutual interest or common objectives. It could also be signed according to combined location or joint concern.
4. Comprehensive solidarity:
Solidarity among Muslims must involve all aspects of life; it shouldn’t be limited to one single main issue. Focusing on one issue only, no matter how central it may be will have shortfalls and won’t meet the Umma’s aspiration. It’s not enough to concentrate on the economic or political side alone. The Umma is in need of a comprehensive renaissance. To realize this objective, efforts on both official and popular sides must be encouraged. It’s without doubt that achieving comprehensive solidarity requires relentless work. Diverse resources are needed. These are available throughout Muslim homelands. Allah has endowed our countries with human and natural resources and necessary goods to ensure progress and development.
Everyone should take part in the march towards solidarity. Each citizen must contribute according to his or her ability. However, it’s here, when the role of the wise leadership will be put to test. They must utilize and direct these resources and potentials to the advantage of the Nation.
First: Belief Strengthening and preserving Islamic identity and values.
The nation is passing through a period of weakness. One of the main causes of such a state is the debility of creed. False perceptions and distorted ideas have befuddled Muslims in their faith. Furthermore, the absence of civilization made Muslims lose pride in their Islam. This weakness in the belief generated different patterns in thought and behavior.
The importance of creed stems of the fact that it the basic element of religion. The Prophet (PBUH) has built his mission and his state; his companions have followed his directives and adhered to the true faith.Therefore, the Foundation must be strong to sustain solidarity among the Umma.
Here are some means to help achieve this objective:
We must clarify Islamic faith in school curricula based on the Book of Allah and the Sunna of His Prophet and the understanding of the Umma’s righteous predecessors.
We must instill in Muslim youths the pride in Islamic faith. Muslims should be alert about attempts to weaken their faith through extraneous ideas propagated by various media outlets.
We must confront repeated attenuation and distortion attempts against the sanctities of Muslims and their religion.
We must safeguard Muslim identity from alienation and dissolution. We must redouble the efforts to protect it from obliteration through cultural invasion and the quantum leap of information. We must also address the rapid campaigns aimed at tarnishing the image of Islam, and the attempts made against the person of the Holy Prophet (PBUH). We must use all available contemporary means to uncover suspicions projected about Islam and its creed and dogma.
We must inculcate Islamic values and ethics in the minds of youth. Drafting revamped curricula would guarantee their belonging of generations to their Umma. Generations that would work for the advancement of their homelands adhering to their faith and good members of the society.
The approach of moderation must be adopted. A system that renounces violence excludes extremism and calls for temperance. Excessiveness is another hurdle in the way of the Umma’s cohesion, solidarity and unity. It’s the responsibility of dedicated members of the society to seek drying the hotbeds of extremism. They re a scourge that disseminates hatred among Muslims and discredits religion.
Scholars, preachers, educators, media and culture personnel face their biggest challenge of spreading and highlighting Islam’s moderation in schools. We must diffuse proper religious science and spread Islamic programs. These should highlight extremism’s negative effects. Conducting quiet dialogues with people espousing radical and extremist ideas, advising them and uncovering their schemes will pave the way to return to the straight path.
Second: official and popular effort's affinity:
Among the ills of many countries and communities in the Muslim world, is poor accord between official and popular agencies. Add to that, the lack of making Islamic law the base for governance. This dilemma is one of the biggest problems in the Muslim world.
Finding solutions to this dilemma requires the following:
To present Islamic Shari’a in raiment that commensurate with the times and meet the requirement of the era. Furthermore, a purge of religious laws in Muslim countries of anything contradictory to them must take place.
Decision-making must be a collective exercise. It could be done through Shoura councils or any other means of consultation.
Discrimination between members of one society based on ethnic, cast; color or language must be avoided at all costs. A spirit of affection between elements of Muslim societies must be promoted. Intolerance and hatred must be firmly rejected.
Dialogue between the leader (shepherd) and people (flock) and friendly communication between official and citizen must be enhanced. People should be given the opportunity to express opinions according to Shari'a regulations. This will certainly lead to spanning bridges of trust and strengthen the principle of consultation.
Corruption must be bitterly fought. However, and above all, constant control of public money that ensures transparency should be enforced.
Third: Scientific development and progress:
Scientific and progress developments are assets for societal progress. These elements are considered to be vital areas of Islamic solidarity. In this vein, money, science, Manpower and wise decision of people of authority must come together to make it happen.
Here are some important points that should be considered to realize this objective:
Encourage investment in Muslim countries on the national level. Available human and natural resources must be exploited. Modern scientific means that develop and improve industries, agriculture and production must be enhanced.
Governments must create human resources development centers. Improve the situation of the family. Support illiteracy and adult education programs.
Technical, vocational and business education must be given priority. Create career workshops to meet the market’s need. Hence, these, will have a positive impact on poverty and self-sufficiency.
Encourage methodical research and improve technical and scientific standards. Specialized centers in areas of Strategic economic planning should be established and supported.
States must create a scientific research fund. Sponsor and foster highly qualified candidates in the Muslim world. Put an end Attract brilliant minds, and put an end to brain efflux.
Muslim countries must encourage the private sector to invest in education. They should sponsor excellent students. They should also endow in successful projects of researchers and scientists in the Muslim world.
Fourth: Dialogue and convergence of views:
Promoting dialogue at different levels of society is the most important means to attain solidarity. Dialogue should be conducted between various Islamic sects and denominations. A dialogue that would respect the companions, the mothers of the faithful and the noble household of the Prophet must be initiated. Muslims must talk with each other to distance themselves from anything that raises conflict and disunity. Dialogues should happen between leaders and subjects and politicians and constituents on general matters; dialogue among clans and tribes and the constituents of the same country. Dialogues must be constantly conducted between various followers of religions, civilizations and cultures. We must engage in dialogues that respect differences and welcome agreement and promote positive work. These dialogues must expand bridges of communication and increase the area of contact. Dialogue is after all the language of understanding that brings hearts and goals together.
One of the most important actions to reconcile opinions and put an end to conflicts among Muslims is the establishment of an Islamic court of justice. Such move will avoid them going to international courts that are foreign to their countries and communities' characteristics.
Nothing equals the influence and impact of the media in today’s world. It’s the tutor of public opinion. Such powerful tool must be utilized to support the issue of solidarity. It must put the spot light on current projects. Various media outlets must promote the desired expectation thereof.
Media as you know is a double-edged sword. The enemies of the Umma have used it to destabilize its unity and ignite the fuse of subversion in their midst. They utilized it to weaken it and undermine its solidarity. Therefore, a wise media strategy must be put in place. This policy must be followed, so media will be a grace not bane; a server not a destroyer of the Umma.
This must be urgently done in the area of the media:
Build a media network that presents the Umma’s issues in the best light. It should also address the campaigns of distortion against it.
Create channels presenting the culture of the Umma in all international languages. They should try to polish its image. They should strive to garner supports for its causes among other peoples.
Media training centers should be established to prepare media cadres. These should produce honest, truthful and attractive shows about the history, values, morals and faith of the Umma.
Create a social communication link between the peoples of the Umma. This could be done through program acquainting Muslims with one another. They must show their aspirations, conflicts, failures and accomplishments.
Media in Muslim countries must work diligently to spread the true faith. We must find media alternative that would compete with public channels, which endeavor to wreck morality and debilitate faith.
Undoubtedly, all these means and ways combined; do need an honest free will to accomplish desired objectives. The Umma needs sincere intentions and honest efforts, because it merits them. Our religion deserves our sacrifice, and our people deserve attention and care. They have endured hurt and pain and have persevered for a long time. Now, the Umma is waiting for relief at the hands of its dedicated sons and its erudite and righteous leaders.
As the Conference issues this Charter, it requests the Muslim World League to deliver it to all Muslim countries’ governments. It should be distributed to all scholars and Islamic organizations. The Rabita must coordinate and cooperate with all concerned parties to that which will safeguard the Umma’s interests and guarantee its solidarity.
Allah’s help we seek, He is our Lord (“He is an excellent Protector, and an excellent Helper”)
Issued in Makkah Al-Mukarramah
On the 3rd of Jumada Al-Awwal 1435 H
Corresponding to the 4th of March 2012 AD