With Allah’s help and support the Muslim world League organized its 13th Makkah conference titled: “Muslim Society..Established and Changing Values” on4-5/11/1433 H corresponding to 20-21/10/2012. The conference was under the patronage of the Custodian of the two Holy Mosques, King Abdullah Bin Abdul-Aziz, and was inaugurated by HRH Prince Khalid al-Faisal governor if Makkah region. In his inaugural speech on behalf of the Monarch, Prince Khalid welcomed the participants and lauded the MWL for its efforts in educating the Ummah about its duties towards its religion, established norms and sanctities.
He also invited it to prepare a practical program for the promotion of the culture of solidarity between Muslim peoples. He urged concentrated efforts to solve the conflicts witnessed by parts of the Muslim homeland. He mentioned the pain he felt about the tragic events in Syria, and the necessity of swift actions to stop the Syrian bloodshed.
His Eminence, the Grand Mufti and President of the Rabita’s Supreme Council, Sheikh Abdul-Aziz Bin Abdullah al-Sheikh commended the MWL for the timely selection of the conference’s theme. He highlighted the importance of the topic in these circumstances witnessed by some Muslim countries. He stated that these recent events need the scholars’ attention and their counsel under the guiding light of Allah’s Shari’a. These will provide the Ummah with success in this world and in the hereafter.
In his speech, His Excellency, the Secretary-General of the Muslim World League Dr. Abdullah Bin Abdelmohsin al-Turki said Muslim societies were opening up to other communities. This in itself is a cause for doubling the efforts to educate and enlighten the Ummah about its well-established values that are connected to its religious and civilizational identity. The Ummah should be provided with Islamic standards to enable it to understand changes and deal with them according to proper Muslim vision that achieves the purpose of Shari’a.
The participants discussed the conference’s topics and themes, and highlighted the following principles:
- Islam is Allah’s religion. He has made it complete and chosen it to be mankind’s faith. In its system, God has ensured the happiness of this life and that of the hereafter. Muslims should adhere to Islamic Shari’a and never let go of it. The Prophet, peace be upon him said:”If you hold tight to what I have left with you, you will go astray: The book of Allah and my Sunnah (Alhaakim with good ascription)
- Islam is a universal religion that gives man his real worth. It connects him with his Lord; it protects him from the onslaught of materialism and endows him with virtue and lofty ideals in his behavior and dealing. Thus, making him a righteous and good member in his community.
- Divine revelation is the source of Islamic law. Some is invariable and never changes, even if it welcomes Ijtihaad for its understanding and application. Some has room for time and place changes. In the Shari’a we find resilience and broad scope that make it suitable for various societies and different epochs
- Constant norms in Shari’a are the set religious principles that are proven with conclusive evidence for their significance, agreed upon by all Muslims. No one should abandon or neglect them under the pretext of updating them and dealing with new trends. These laws include matters of belief, worship, ethics and general principles in transactions. These are strong foundations uniting Muslims giving them stability, steadfast stand and unity of application. “So hold fast to the Revelation sent down to you; verily you are on a Straight Way”. (Sura az-Zukhruf, verse 43).
- Changing norms in Shari’a are those in which different times, places, peoples and situations were taken into account. Thus, Allah has made it easy for people and granted them permission to choose what’s best for them. These include means and methods; branches and parts. It‘s therefore, obligatory on well versed scholars to edit them according to their knowledge of the texts of the two revelations. And also to consider provisions of Islam, its general principles and the complete rules of Shari’a.
- Collective fatwas are a safety valve against any abnormal and odd rulings. It’s an inevitable option in general matters that don’t allow for individual ruling. Hence it’s advisable that religious students and muftis should refer fatwas to the Fiqh councils.
- The dual concept of the religious and the civil society is a strange phenomenon on Islamic culture. The Muslim society takes the principles, the rules and the values of the Shari’a as its authoritative religious reference. This is considered to be the identity of the Ummah and the source of its culture. This nation will never rise from its slip unless it abides by the true guidance of the magnanimous Islamic Shari’a. It’s after all who has perfected this religion and completed his favors with this faith. Allah says the following in Sura al-Maida, verse 3: “This day have I perfected your religion for you, completed My favour upon you, and have chosen for you Islam as your religion”.
- Islam doesn’t forbid benefitting from successful experiences of other nations, as long as this does not oppose its basic tenets and main branches. Civilization is a common human legacy. Needless to say that the wisdom is the ultimate goal of a Muslim, wherever he finds it, he must use it to his best advantage.