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Resolutions of the Islamic Fiqh Council during Its Third Session Held between 23-30 Rabi Al-Aakhir 1400H
The Resolution on Legal Position of Birth Control
All Praise be to Almighty Allah.
Blessing and peace be on His Prophet Muhammad
after whom there is no prophet, and on all those
who followed his way of guidance.
The Islamic Fiqh Council during its 3rd session held in Makkah Mukarramah between 23-30 Rabi Al-Aakhir 1400H looked into the issue of birth control or so-called ‘family planning’. After having discussion and exchange of views on the issue, the Islamic Fiqh Council, unanimously, adopted the following resolution:
In view of the fact that Islamic Shari’ah calls for growth and spread of the Muslims’ population and considers it a great favour that Almighty Allah has bestowed upon the human beings, and many textual provisions in the Qur’an and Sunnah point out that the concept of birth control or use of contraceptive methods is contrary to the human nature, on which Allah has created the human beings. It is also contrary to the Islamic Shari’ah, which Almighty Allah has selected for His servants.
And in view of the fact that subscribers of this concept are such a group whose aim is to plot against Muslims through decreasing their population so that they have power to control the Muslim countries and enslave their people in order to exploit their resources and riches, and since such thinking represents a kind of Jahiliyah (pre-Islamic period of ignorance) and bad opinion about Almighty Allah, as well as it weakens the Islamic entity which is strengthened through the growth of man power, the Islamic Fiqh Council unanimously decides that birth control is not allowed at all, and likewise, it is not allowed to use the contraceptive methods if the intention is fear of poverty, because it is Almighty Allah who provides the livelihood and every living being gets its provision from Him, or because such recourse was adopted due to some other reasons which are not permissible in the Islamic Shari’ah.
As regards the use of contraceptive means or methods of delaying the birth in individual cases due to certain harms such as when a woman cannot have a normal delivery and she is forced to have a surgical operation for the delivery, then there is no objection in the Islamic Shari’ah for such recourse.
Likewise, if delaying the birth is due to certain health or other justifiable reasons approved by a trusted Muslim medical scientist, even such recourse may be necessary in case, harm is certain to affect the mother and her life is surly in danger on the basis of a medical report from a trusted Muslim medical scientist.
To make a call for birth control or use of contraceptive methods in general, is not allowed in the Islamic Shari’ah for the reasons mentioned earlier. It is more serious to make it compulsory or impose it on the people at a time when huge amount of money is spent on the arms race in the world for domination and destruction, instead of spending this money in the economic development and fulfilment of the human needs.
Chairman, Islamic Fiqh Council
Abdullah Ibn Muhammad Ibn Humaid
President, Supreme Judicial Council
Deputy Chairman, Islamic Fiqh Council
Muhammad Ali Al-Harakan
Secretary-General, Muslim World League
Abdul Aziz Ibn Abdullah Ibn Baz
General President, Research, Ifta, Da’wah and Guidance
Muhammad Mahmood Al-Sawwaf
Saleh Ibn Othaimeen
Hasanain Muhammad Makhloof
Muhammad Salem Abdul Wadood
Muhammad Rasheed Qabbani
Abul Hassan Ali Al-Nadwi
Abu Bakr Joomi
Muhammad Shadhli Al-Neifer
Abdul Quddoos Hashemi